There is one very important thing to always remember when looking to buy truffles: winter is the peak of the truffle season. So no matter what they say, a truffle will be at its best, and most flavorful during the winter harvest, which typically goes from October to March and peaks December to January. Also, you must remember that weather conditions change depending on the year and the geographic location, so there are other factors that affect truffle harvests, like an unusually warm winter, or an early spring.
Truffles are categorized according to color - black or white - and season — winter or summer- but you will also find other categories relating to origin, such as Italian or French truffles, which you should really ignore, as it really does not make a difference in flavor or quality (unless its categorized “Asian” in which case it indicates a different species of mushroom altogether- see our Chinese Truffles Section).
Truffle Cheat Chart
|Piedmont Truffle White Truffle from Alba Italian White Truffle||Winter White Truffle||Tuber Magnatum Pico||October -
end of December
|Perigord Truffle The Black Diamond of Provence Tarfutti Bianco||Winter Black Truffle||Tuber Melanosporum Vitt||December -
|Perigord Truffle The Black Diamond of Provence||Tuber Brumale; Tuber Brumale Vitt.||January -
|Truffe de la St. Jean||Summer Black Truffle||Tuber Aestivum||August|
|Marzuili Truffle||Summer White Truffle||Tuber Magnatum Pico, Tuber Borchii||May -
end of August